- 1 Past perfect (voix active et passive)
- 2 Active and passive voice in the Past perfect tense
- 3 Quand utiliser la voix active au passé composé ?
- 4 When to use the passive voice in the Past perfect tense?
- 5 Changing active voice into passive voice in the Past Perfect tense
- 6 Negative sentences (Active and voice voice)
- 7 Interrogative sentences (Active and voice voice)
- 8 Practice!
Past perfect (voix active et passive)
Dans cet article, nous apprendrons comment utiliser la voix passive du passé parfait et comment changer la voix active en voix passive du passé parfait.
Active and passive voice in the Past perfect tense
Voyons dans quelles situations nous utilisons la voix active et passive au passé composé.
Quand utiliser la voix active au passé composé ?
Nous écrivons des phrases à la voix active du passé parfait lorsque nous voulons nous concentrer sur la ou les personnes qui ont effectué une action dans le passé avant une autre action ou un autre moment.
Structure: Subject + had + past participle (V3) + object
- Subject = the doer of the action
- Object = the receiver of the action
- Elle avait terminé le projet avant la date limite.
- Ils avaient quitté le travail.
Dans ces exemples, nous nous concentrons sur la personne ou les personnes qui ont effectué l’action dans le passé.
When to use the passive voice in the Past perfect tense?
Les phrases sont écrites au passé composé passif lorsque nous voulons nous concentrer sur le récepteur de l’action : lorsque nous voulons parler de quoi ou de qui l’auteur de l’action a agi.
Et puisque nous nous concentrons sur l’objet du verbe à partir du sujet, l’objet devient le sujet et le sujet (l’acteur) devient une entité non pertinente ou moins importante dans une phrase.
Structure: Object + had been + past participle (V3) + by + subject (doer)
- The project had been completed by her before the deadline.
- The job had been quit by them.
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense
|Passive voice:||object||had + been||V3||(by + subject)|
- Actif : j’avais payé l’argent.
(en se concentrant sur l’auteur de l’action ‘je’)
- Passif : l’argent a été payé (par moi).
(en se concentrant sur l’objet sur lequel l’action a été effectuée “L’argent”)
Notez que nous n’ajoutons généralement pas l’auteur de l’action à la phrase, car il n’est pas important pour le sens de la phrase ou est déjà compris. Mais c’est entièrement votre choix de le faire.
Changing active voice into passive voice in the Past Perfect tense
Active: We had trained them well.
Passive: They had been trained well (by us).
Active: Some people had followed her to her office.
Passive: She had been followed to her office (by some people).
Active: The teacher had thrown us out of the class.
Passive: We had been thrown out of the class (by the teacher).
Active: They had copied all my answers.
Passive: All my answers had been copied (by them).
Active: Someone had stolen my car before I reached home.
Passive: My car had been stolen (by someone) before I reached home.
Active: The police had arrested him.
Passive: He had been arrested (by the police).
Active: His parents had warmed him before he did the crime.
Passive: He had been warned (by his parents) before he did the crime.
Active: She had saved my family from those people.
Passive: My family had been saved from those people (by her).
Negative sentences (Active and voice voice)
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense (negative sentences)
|Passive voice:||Object||had + been||not||V3||by + subject (optional)|
Active: He had not invited me for the party.
Passive: I had not been invited for the party (by him).
Active: Sam hadn’t helped us at all.
Passive: We hadn’t been helped at all (by Sam).
Active: We had not recorded the video.
Passive: The video had not been recorded (by us).
Active: She hadn’t bought anything at the store.
Passive: Nothing had been bought at the store (by her).
REMARQUE : Si ‘n’importe quoi’ est l’objet du verbe actif dans une phrase négative, il se changera en ‘rien’ à la voix passive.
Interrogative sentences (Active and voice voice)
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense (interrogative sentences)
|Active voice:||Question words (if any)||had||subject||V3||object?|
|Passive voice:||Question words||had||object||been + V3||(by + subject)?|
Active: Had you called me?
Passive: Had I been called by you?
Active: Had he not helped you in your assignment?
Passive: Had you not been helped in your assignment by him?
Active: Had they contacted you for the class?
Passive: Had you been contacted for the class by them?
Active: Where had she invested the money?
Passive: Where had the money been invested by her?
Active: Why had you sold the car?
Passive: Why had the car been sold by you?
Active: What had you taken before lunch?
Passive: What had been taken before lunch by you?
- Nobody had helped me in my tough times.
- My friends had supported my family.
- Some people had attacked his wife.
- Where had he taken the money from?
- Had they called her?
- How had you done that?
- Everyone had mocked me for my pronunciation.
- They hadn’t released the movie before the end.
- Somebody had deposited a lot of money into my account.
- I had not caught the train.
- I had not been helped in my tough times by anyone.
- My family had been supported by my friends.
- His wife had been attacked by some people.
- Where had the money been taken from by him?
- Had she been called by them?
- How had that been done by you?
- I had been mocked for my pronunciation by everyone.
- The movie hadn’t been released before the end.
- A lot of money had been deposited into my account by someone.
- The train had not been caught by me.