- 1 Past perfect (głos aktywny i pasywny)
- 2 Active and passive voice in the Past perfect tense
- 3 Kiedy używać głosu aktywnego w czasie Past perfect?
- 4 When to use the passive voice in the Past perfect tense?
- 5 Changing active voice into passive voice in the Past Perfect tense
- 6 Negative sentences (Active and voice voice)
- 7 Interrogative sentences (Active and voice voice)
- 8 Practice!
Past perfect (głos aktywny i pasywny)
W tym poście dowiemy się, jak używać strony biernej czasu przeszłego i jak zmienić głos czynny na głos bierny czasu przeszłego doskonałego.
Active and passive voice in the Past perfect tense
Zastanówmy się, w jakich sytuacjach używamy głosu czynnego i biernego w czasie przeszłym dokonanym.
Kiedy używać głosu aktywnego w czasie Past perfect?
Piszemy zdania aktywnym głosem Past Perfect, gdy chcemy skupić się na osobie/ludziach, którzy wykonali czynność w przeszłości przed inną czynnością lub czasem.
Structure: Subject + had + past participle (V3) + object
- Subject = the doer of the action
- Object = the receiver of the action
- Ona ukończyła projekt przed upływem terminu.
- Oni odrzucili zrezygnowali z pracy.
W tych przykładach skupiamy się na osobie lub osobach, które wykonały czynność w przeszłości.
When to use the passive voice in the Past perfect tense?
Zdania są pisane w biernym czasie Past Perfect, gdy chcemy skoncentrować się na odbiorcy akcji: kiedy chcemy porozmawiać o tym, na co lub na kim działał autor akcji.
A ponieważ przenosimy uwagę z podmiotu na dopełnienie czasownika, dopełnienie staje się podmiotem, a podmiot (wykonawca) staje się nieistotną lub mniej ważną jednostką w zdaniu.
Structure: Object + had been + past participle (V3) + by + subject (doer)
- The project had been completed by her before the deadline.
- The job had been quit by them.
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense
|Passive voice:||object||had + been||V3||(by + subject)|
- Aktywne: zapłaciłem pieniądze.
(koncentruje się na wykonawcy działania „ja”)
- Pasywny: Pieniądze zostały zapłacone (przeze mnie).
(koncentruje się na przedmiocie, na którym działano w ramach akcji „Pieniądze”)
Pamiętaj, że zwykle nie dodajemy autora działania do zdania, ponieważ nie jest to ważne dla znaczenia zdania lub jest już zrozumiane. Ale to całkowicie twój wybór.
Changing active voice into passive voice in the Past Perfect tense
Active: We had trained them well.
Passive: They had been trained well (by us).
Active: Some people had followed her to her office.
Passive: She had been followed to her office (by some people).
Active: The teacher had thrown us out of the class.
Passive: We had been thrown out of the class (by the teacher).
Active: They had copied all my answers.
Passive: All my answers had been copied (by them).
Active: Someone had stolen my car before I reached home.
Passive: My car had been stolen (by someone) before I reached home.
Active: The police had arrested him.
Passive: He had been arrested (by the police).
Active: His parents had warmed him before he did the crime.
Passive: He had been warned (by his parents) before he did the crime.
Active: She had saved my family from those people.
Passive: My family had been saved from those people (by her).
Negative sentences (Active and voice voice)
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense (negative sentences)
|Passive voice:||Object||had + been||not||V3||by + subject (optional)|
Active: He had not invited me for the party.
Passive: I had not been invited for the party (by him).
Active: Sam hadn’t helped us at all.
Passive: We hadn’t been helped at all (by Sam).
Active: We had not recorded the video.
Passive: The video had not been recorded (by us).
Active: She hadn’t bought anything at the store.
Passive: Nothing had been bought at the store (by her).
UWAGA: Jeśli „cokolwiek” jest dopełnieniem czasownika czynnego w zdaniu przeczącym, zmieni się na „nic” w stronie biernej.
Interrogative sentences (Active and voice voice)
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense (interrogative sentences)
|Active voice:||Question words (if any)||had||subject||V3||object?|
|Passive voice:||Question words||had||object||been + V3||(by + subject)?|
Active: Had you called me?
Passive: Had I been called by you?
Active: Had he not helped you in your assignment?
Passive: Had you not been helped in your assignment by him?
Active: Had they contacted you for the class?
Passive: Had you been contacted for the class by them?
Active: Where had she invested the money?
Passive: Where had the money been invested by her?
Active: Why had you sold the car?
Passive: Why had the car been sold by you?
Active: What had you taken before lunch?
Passive: What had been taken before lunch by you?
- Nobody had helped me in my tough times.
- My friends had supported my family.
- Some people had attacked his wife.
- Where had he taken the money from?
- Had they called her?
- How had you done that?
- Everyone had mocked me for my pronunciation.
- They hadn’t released the movie before the end.
- Somebody had deposited a lot of money into my account.
- I had not caught the train.
- I had not been helped in my tough times by anyone.
- My family had been supported by my friends.
- His wife had been attacked by some people.
- Where had the money been taken from by him?
- Had she been called by them?
- How had that been done by you?
- I had been mocked for my pronunciation by everyone.
- The movie hadn’t been released before the end.
- A lot of money had been deposited into my account by someone.
- The train had not been caught by me.