- 1 Como usar WAS & WARE em inglês?
- 2 Different usages of ‘was’ and ‘were‘
- 3 WAS vs WERE
- 4 WAS and WERE usages
- 5 ERA ou ERAM
- 6 Advanced usages of ‘was’ and ‘were‘
- 7 More WAS and WERE examples
- 8 Practice set!
Como usar WAS & WARE em inglês?
‘Was’ e ‘were’ são verbos que usamos no passado. Neste artigo, vamos dominar 3 usos diferentes de was e were e a diferença entre was e were.
Different usages of ‘was’ and ‘were‘
WAS e WERE são usados no passado em três situações diferentes. Aqui estão as seguintes situações:
- To describe a person or a thing in the PAST
- To name/rename a person or a thing in the PAST
- To say what someone WAS doing in the PAST
Advanced usages of ‘was’ and ‘were’
- To talk about what was done to something or somebody in the past at some time (past indefinite tense, passive voice)
- Was and were in subjunctive mood
Antes de ver estas situaciones por separado, comprendamos con qué usar ‘was’ y ‘were’.
WAS vs WERE
- WAS = I, he, she, it & all singular noun names (singular subject)
- WERE = we, you, they & all plural noun names (plural subject)
Singular noun names: Archit, Tom, Jyoti, doctor, singer, mother, car, bus, table, etc.
Plural noun names: students, parents, teachers, sisters, brothers, cars, buses, tables, etc.
WAS and WERE usages
1. Para descrever uma pessoa ou uma coisa no passado
O primeiro uso de was ou were é para descrever uma pessoa não viva ou algo no passado. Aqui, usamos um adjetivo ou frase adjetiva depois de was ou were.
Structure: Subject + was/were + adjective
- I was smart.
- He was naughty in school.
- She was careless last year.
- She was close to me in college.
- It was beautiful.
- The movie was motivating.
- Your family was really supportive.
- Rahul was very arrogant in his childhood.
- Jyoti was really cute.
- I was in Mumbai last week.
- I was about to cry.
- You were hardworking.
- They were very beautiful.
- We were good at singing.
- My friends were stupid.
- We were with the right people.
- The buses were in the wrong side.
- Jon and I were amazing at acting. (Compound subject = Jon and I)
Note que estamos usando was y were para describir el sujeto en el pasado; estamos hablando de cómo era o era el sujeto en el pasado usando un adjetivo o una frase adjetiva.
2. Para nomear/renomear uma pessoa ou coisa no passado
O segundo uso de was e were é para dar um nome a uma pessoa ou coisa no passado. Aqui, falamos sobre o que o assunto foi ou foi no passado. Usamos um substantivo ou sintagma nominal depois de was ou were.
Structure: Subject + was/were + noun
- I was a teacher.
- He was an amazing singer.
- She was my love.
- It was a crazy idea.
- Jyoti was an artist.
- Conor was an unbeatable fighter back in the days.
- My father was a cook for some years.
- You were my best friend.
- We were friends.
- They were terrible human beings.
- My parents were my friends.
Note que estamos usando was y were para decir cuál fue o fue el sujeto en el pasado.
3. Para dizer o que alguém estava fazendo no passado
O terceiro uso de was e were é para falar sobre uma ação que estava acontecendo no passado em um determinado momento. Aqui, falamos sobre o que o sujeito estava ou estava fazendo no passado.
Structure: Subject + was/were + V1+ing
- He was sleeping.
- I was talking to her last night.
- She was taking a class in the morning.
- It was running fast.
- Jacob was fighting yesterday.
- The company was going through a bad time last year.
- You were eating when I called.
- They were not studying properly.
- We were partying last night.
- My neighbors were playing loud music.
- Some people were fighting in the morning.
In the first two cases, was and were function as a linking verb (main verb), but here, was/were function as a helping verb (auxiliary verb).
Observe que estamos usando was e were para se referir a uma ação que estava acontecendo no passado em algum momento. Se a hora da ação já for compreendida ou desconhecida, não a mencione. Caso contrário, é importante falar sobre o momento da ação. Essas frases estão no passado contínuo.
ERA ou ERAM
Já vimos que é bem fácil selecionar o tema que usamos com use was ou were.
- WAS = sujeito singular
- WARE = assunto plural
- Sujeito singular = pronomes de terceira pessoa (Ele, ela, isso), pronomes de primeira pessoa (apenas ‘eu’) e todos os nomes de substantivos singulares
- Sujeito do plural = pronome de primeira pessoa (nós), pronome de segunda pessoa (você) e pronome de terceira pessoa (eles) e todos os nomes de substantivos no plural
Nota: Ao falar sobre qualquer um desses três casos usando pronomes indefinidos como sujeito, use ‘was’, pois eles são considerados singulares em inglês. Estes são alguns dos pronomes indefinidos mais comuns:
someone, somebody, anyone, anybody, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, something, anything, everything, nothing, somewhere, anywhere, everywhere, nowhere
- Everyone was nice to me. ✅
- Everyone were nice to me. ❌
- Someone was following me last night. ✅
- Someone were following me last night. ❌
- Everything was beautiful. ✅
- Everything were beautiful. ❌
- Nobody was speaking in the class. ✅
- Nobody were speaking in the class. ❌
Advanced usages of ‘was’ and ‘were‘
1. Para falar sobre o que foi feito com algo ou alguém (passado indefinido, voz passiva)
Aqui, usamos was e were para falar sobre o que foi feito no passado. As sentenças aqui estão na voz passiva, e o foco está em quem ou o que foi acionado, não no autor da ação.
Structure: Subject + was/were + V3 + (by object)
Active: He called a meeting.
Passive: A meeting was called (by him).
Active: Someone stole my cars last night.
Passive: My cars were stolen last night.
- Some people were arrested last week.
- Your mother was taken to the hospital in the morning.
- The meeting was called off before I could reach there.
- This song was written last year.
- Many people were fired because of the pandemic.
2. If I was or If I were
Esta es una situación más en la que las personas se confunden sobre qué usar: was o were.
Se você estiver escrevendo uma frase no modo subjuntivo, usamos o verbo ‘were’ com sujeitos no singular e no plural. Eram no modo subjuntivo fala de uma situação imaginária ou irreal.
- Se eu fosseum cachorro, eu morderia você.
- Se ele fosseseu pai, ele não deixaria você fazer isso.
- Se eu fosse rico, ela se casaria comigo.
- Se ela fosse minha esposa, eu nunca a deixaria.
- Gostaria que ele fosseleal a ela.
- Ele gostaria que ela nascesseem uma família progressista.
Observe que todas essas frases se referem a algumas situações impossíveis ou irreais. Não seguimos a concordância sujeito-verbo neste caso. Se você usasse ‘was’ com um sujeito singular, não estaria completamente errado; no entanto, seria gramaticalmente incorreto.
No entanto, em conversas informais, podemos usar ‘was’ com um sujeito singular no modo subjuntivo.
- If I was rich, I wouldn’t live here.
- If he was good at speaking, he would get selected.
- If she was my girlfriend, I would never leave her.
More WAS and WERE examples
- I was in hurry when you called.
- She was furious last night.
- Jonny was about to cry when he was given the award.
- Most of my family members were present there.
- If I were a magician, I would pull a pigeon out of my pocket.
- He was in Rome last year.
- Nobody was listening to me in the meeting.
- Everyone was treated well in the party.
¡Prueba el siguiente ejercicio para comprobar tu comprensión del tema!
- He __ looking for you last night.
- She ___ upset with you.
- I wish she __ my girlfriend.
- If he __ my friend, I would not let him hang out with those guys.
- Let’s suppose I __ with you right now. What would you do?
- You brag about your home as if it __ a paradise.
- Everything __ done properly.
- I __ called out by a professional fighter.
- You __ amazing last night.
- Most people __ not taught about earning money.