- 1 Pretérito perfeito (voz ativa e passiva)
- 2 Active and passive voice in the Past perfect tense
- 3 Quando usar a voz ativa no pretérito perfeito?
- 4 When to use the passive voice in the Past perfect tense?
- 5 Changing active voice into passive voice in the Past Perfect tense
- 6 Negative sentences (Active and voice voice)
- 7 Interrogative sentences (Active and voice voice)
- 8 Practice!
Pretérito perfeito (voz ativa e passiva)
Neste post, vamos aprender como usar a voz passiva do pretérito perfeito e como mudar a voz ativa para a voz passiva do pretérito perfeito.
Active and passive voice in the Past perfect tense
Vamos entender em quais situações usamos a voz ativa e passiva no pretérito perfeito.
Quando usar a voz ativa no pretérito perfeito?
Escrevemos frases na voz ativa do Past Perfect quando queremos focar na pessoa/pessoas que realizaram uma ação no passado antes de outra ação ou tempo.
Structure: Subject + had + past participle (V3) + object
- Subject = the doer of the action
- Object = the receiver of the action
- Ela concluiu o projeto antes do prazo.
- Eles tinham demitido o emprego.
Nestes exemplos, estamos nos concentrando na pessoa ou pessoas que realizaram a ação no passado.
When to use the passive voice in the Past perfect tense?
As frases são escritas no passado perfeito passivo quando queremos focar no receptor da ação: quando queremos falar sobre o que ou quem o autor da ação agiu.
E como mudamos o foco do sujeito para o objeto do verbo, o objeto se torna o sujeito e o sujeito (fazedor) se torna uma entidade irrelevante ou menos importante em uma frase.
Structure: Object + had been + past participle (V3) + by + subject (doer)
- The project had been completed by her before the deadline.
- The job had been quit by them.
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense
|Passive voice:||object||had + been||V3||(by + subject)|
- Ativo: eu paguei o dinheiro.
(focando no executor da ação ‘eu’)
- Passiva: O dinheiro foi pago (por mim).
(focando no objeto em que a ação foi realizada ‘O dinheiro’)
Observe que geralmente não adicionamos o autor da ação à frase, pois não é importante para o significado da frase ou já está entendido. Mas é inteiramente sua escolha fazê-lo.
Changing active voice into passive voice in the Past Perfect tense
Active: We had trained them well.
Passive: They had been trained well (by us).
Active: Some people had followed her to her office.
Passive: She had been followed to her office (by some people).
Active: The teacher had thrown us out of the class.
Passive: We had been thrown out of the class (by the teacher).
Active: They had copied all my answers.
Passive: All my answers had been copied (by them).
Active: Someone had stolen my car before I reached home.
Passive: My car had been stolen (by someone) before I reached home.
Active: The police had arrested him.
Passive: He had been arrested (by the police).
Active: His parents had warmed him before he did the crime.
Passive: He had been warned (by his parents) before he did the crime.
Active: She had saved my family from those people.
Passive: My family had been saved from those people (by her).
Negative sentences (Active and voice voice)
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense (negative sentences)
|Passive voice:||Object||had + been||not||V3||by + subject (optional)|
Active: He had not invited me for the party.
Passive: I had not been invited for the party (by him).
Active: Sam hadn’t helped us at all.
Passive: We hadn’t been helped at all (by Sam).
Active: We had not recorded the video.
Passive: The video had not been recorded (by us).
Active: She hadn’t bought anything at the store.
Passive: Nothing had been bought at the store (by her).
NOTA: Se ‘qualquer coisa’ for o objeto do verbo ativo em uma frase negativa, ele mudará para ‘nada’ na voz passiva.
Interrogative sentences (Active and voice voice)
Active and passive voice of Past perfect tense (interrogative sentences)
|Active voice:||Question words (if any)||had||subject||V3||object?|
|Passive voice:||Question words||had||object||been + V3||(by + subject)?|
Active: Had you called me?
Passive: Had I been called by you?
Active: Had he not helped you in your assignment?
Passive: Had you not been helped in your assignment by him?
Active: Had they contacted you for the class?
Passive: Had you been contacted for the class by them?
Active: Where had she invested the money?
Passive: Where had the money been invested by her?
Active: Why had you sold the car?
Passive: Why had the car been sold by you?
Active: What had you taken before lunch?
Passive: What had been taken before lunch by you?
- Nobody had helped me in my tough times.
- My friends had supported my family.
- Some people had attacked his wife.
- Where had he taken the money from?
- Had they called her?
- How had you done that?
- Everyone had mocked me for my pronunciation.
- They hadn’t released the movie before the end.
- Somebody had deposited a lot of money into my account.
- I had not caught the train.
- I had not been helped in my tough times by anyone.
- My family had been supported by my friends.
- His wife had been attacked by some people.
- Where had the money been taken from by him?
- Had she been called by them?
- How had that been done by you?
- I had been mocked for my pronunciation by everyone.
- The movie hadn’t been released before the end.
- A lot of money had been deposited into my account by someone.
- The train had not been caught by me.